Companies under the Companies Act, 1956 may be classified on various grounds as under:
 
I. On the basis of business activities undertaken:
Companies
     
(1)
     (2)
           (3)
            (4)
(5)
Manufacturing
Activities
Service
Activities
Non-Banking
Finance Activities
Non-profit making
(Section-25)
Producer
(Section 581 A)
 
 
II. On the basis of liabilities of the members and directors:
Companies
 
With Limited liability
With unlimited liability
(1)
(2)
    
(a)(b)(c)
Limited
By shares
Limited by
Guarantee &
having share
capital
Limited by
Guarantee
 
 
III. On the basis of membership pattern/size
Companies
   
(1)
(2)
(3)
Public
Private
Government
    
(a) 
(b)
Unlisted 
Listed
 
(a) 
(b)
Inde-pendent 
Subsidiary
of Public Co.
 
 
IV. On the basis of place of registration:
Companies
   
(1)
(2)
Indian Company
(Incorporated in India)
Foreign Company
(Company incorporated outside
India but having place of
business in India)
 
 
V. On the basis of control over the management:
Companies
   
(1)
(2)
(Holding Company)
(Subsidiary Company)
 
 
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